PART 1: 35 points
1. Present the different types of knowledge that a listener needs to activate alternatively or simultaneously in the process of understanding an oral text. Use examples to illustrate your response. (20 points)
2. Describe three approaches to vocabulary instruction. Present their main characteristics and differences. (15 points)
PART 2: 35 points
3.You have decided to use the text on p.4 to offer your students motivating practice for the development of their reading skills. Read the text (p. 4) and complete the following:
a) For what age learners and language level (according to the CEFR’s scale) would you use this text? Justify your answer. (5 points)
b) Design a purposeful pre-reading activity for this text. Write the instructions to the activity and explain its rationale. (10 points)
c) Design a purposeful while-reading activity for this text. Write the instructions to the activity and explain its rationale. (10 points)
d) Design a purposeful post-reading activity for this text. Write the instructions to the activity and explain its rationale. (10 points)
Stunning Underwater Sculptures Help Marine Life
By Euna Park
January 28 2016 12:00 AM EDT weather.com
Artist Jason deCaires Taylor works under the sea to create long-lasting works to help marine life breathe.
“How can we live within the natural environment and not always oppose it?” Taylor told weather.com. He hopes to create art that can facilitate interactions between people and underwater habitats, to raise awareness on how much change is happening underwater.
“I’m only 40-years-old, but 20 years ago, [the environment] was vastly different”, Taylor said. “And that’s such a tiny, little [time frame], yet we ‘ve had such dramatic impact. Some of the places I went to when I was young are completely desolated.”
Though Taylor studied sculpture in art college, he ended up working as scuba diving instructor. Whilst spending time teaching in waters, Taylor studied marine ecology. He always wanted to work outdoors, so it was natural to consider creating art in the ocean.
“Some of the works are activism pieces, so they ‘ll be critical of living at the moment,” he said. The majority of his work is created to get people more interested in life underwater. His sculptures, clean and smooth on the surface when first installed, act as a base for growing magnificent coral reefs. According to Taylor, reefs will develop quickly in tropical cities with warm water. “You can see some juvenile corals after six months,” he said. As time passes, Taylor’s pieces develop biological growth, redefining the underwater landscape.
Taylor uses pH neutral high-density cement when creating his sculptures. This material lasts hundreds of years and is designed to sustain a reef. After installations, he also makes sure to return to his projects, to keep an eye on how well the sculptures are developing into reefs.
So far, the artist has created over 900 sculptures, each one telling a different story and highlighting different issues: a colony of people standing still, or a man sitting on a couch eating a hamburger while watching television. He has integrated characteristics of our current society underwater- including actual people. He hopes to use “art as a tool to engage people from everyday walks of life.”
Taylor is currently working on a massive project: Museo Atlántico or Atlantic Museum, the first underwater museum in the Atlantic Ocean, in Lanzarote, Spain.